In modern research
project, the review of related literature forms chapter two of the study. The
writer asks to review the relevant literature in the area of the study. In
doing this, both positive and negative research findings should be cited from
both within and outside the country.
The review of
literature is necessary because the new knowledge to be derived from the new
study has to fit into the body of already existing knowledge i.e. every new
findings should be rooted in known theories and principles. Literature review
should start with the reviews of study to which the present study is related
thus providing a theory of related background. It is proper therefore to make a
review of the study. Example: ICT and the growth of the business, Impact of
accounting on the growth of SME.
The conclusion of
literature review should be valid and to be so, it must be logically developed.
Then quoting from research sources, authors name must be defined followed by
the year. E.g. Jenifred (2005) “When accounting information system comes to
play. The major concern of an accountant must be in focus”. Each authors quoted
must be written at the references page.