This research was carried out to find the impact of an industrial training on accountancy students in IMT Enugu.
The project was divided into three chapters, chapter one
dealt with background of the study, scope of the study, limitation of
Chapter two also talked about the historical background of
industrial training final, industrial work experience scheme for
accountancy students and the importance of SIWES to the accounting
Finally the last chapter, which is the conclusion also looked at the findings and made some recommendations.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
As a result of growing school leavers, unemployment in the
1970’s, the Nigeria government introduced to new national policy on
education in 1981. a major provision of the policy was the introduction
of the teaching of financial studies (accounts) at the junior secondly
school (JSS) level with emphasis on total acquisition of practical
skills, values and knowledge that would enable the individual live
incoming fully in the society.
One of the reasons for the emphasis on the subject is to
equip its graduates with the needed skills for gainful employment even
if they terminate their formal education the junior secondary school
One basic necessity for the relevant teaching facilities including qualified teachers groped with practical skills.
This ensure that course are taught according to the curriculum and using appropriate methodology for the subjects.
It is nor possible to teach a student to operate a computer
line effectively without the computer machine, non is it possible to
teach a student to operate a proportional spacing of typewriter without
such a typewriter. For teachers to teach financial subjects (accounts)
they must have a through knowledge of the subject and certified in the
area so that they can demonstrate the skill properly for the students to
understand and emulate, Noel (1971) and Thompson (1964). These writers
stressed that the individual will acquire skill and reach the stated
goal by practicing. This they believe that the individual in addition
to this should be given enough practice to enable him master the art.
On the other hand. Anano (1986) said that it is not only
expected to seek out identify create or anticipate human needs but it is
also required to create through the harassing of the totality of human
ingenuity and knowledge of all the amount or goods and services that are
needed to satisfy those wants and reads.
In order to enhance the study of financial studies. There
is need for student to go filed trip for these will permit students to
study equipment and the layout of the office and stages and to observe
employment at works routine business procedure and study the
relationship between departments.
1. The operational guidelines issued from the office of
industrial works experience for each set of students which should be
related to their academic discipline should be jointly worked out by the
educational institutions and employers.
2. That details of works experience programme for each set of
students placed with different employers should be dispatched to reach
the appropriate area or office for approval before student have their
various institution to begin the attachment.
For effective and efficient work guidelines are followed.
From observation, the researcher believes so many other authors that
students to the realities of the word of work in the various
disciplines. It enables students watch theoretical classroom knowledge
with practical work environment through practice. Nwokolo and Ekwe
(1990) discovered that there is positive relationship between what
students were taught in classroom and the actual in the job
experience. The rate relatedness being 87%.
Student industrial work experience scheme is armed at
promoting the most desired knowledge of technology for the advancement
of the nation since it was recalled that SWIES Programmes was originally
designed fro professional course such as environmental studies,
The decree No. 47 of 8th October, 1991, defined the
objectives of the industrial training fund as the promotion and
encouragement or acquisition.
On the part of the students some of them see themselves as
having observation statures being on a learning process and as such do
not work conscientiously to wards the achievement of organizational
goals, while other see themselves as parts and parcel of the
organization hence contributing meaningful towards it success.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The statement of problems that are encountered the industrial
training are as follows: -
i. The problem of coming to work taste, will make
the managing director (MD) not to be happy with your co-operation with
ii. The problem of not be able to make good use fo the equipment given to the accounting students to operate
iii. The problem of being unlearned about the activities that one going on in the industrial.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This sixty is aimed at investigating the impact of students
industrial work experience scheme on accounting students.
The merits and demerits of the training to accountancy students will
also point our the roles paled by educational institutions and the
employers of the students during the period of the industrial raining.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It requires little reasoning to discover that this research will
be of immense benefit to the ITF, it will also serve as a mean of
rediscovering the problem faced by trainees for possible modification to
ensure the continuity of the programme. It will help the ITF
(industrial training fund) to know if their aims and objectives are
Furthermore, this research will be of immense benefit to
accountancy students. It will enable the school to be able to
understand specific problems which may relate to the application of the
industrial training (I.T).
Parents and guardians will also discover from the findings
of the project the problems facing the students of accountancy as far as
industrial training is concerned.
The secondary school leavers will also paid it necessary when making their choice of career.
The government on their own will discover the need to employ manpower that will carry out this industrial programme.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study is limited to the students of accountancy. It
is in no way extended to other department in the school of financial
studies. It is only based on finding out accurately the sign, finance
and the impact that industrial training has created in this department
and thus making the students that have passed and are about to pass out
in this course, excel professionally in the course.
The period allocated to this project was very short.
Accountancy was another hindrance for the researcher in carrying out the report as she wished.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
1. Unemployment: Lack of hob for a number of people in the society.
2. practical skills gains resulting in idea
3. Methodologies: The set of methods used for the study of action in a practical subject.
4. Learning: The process of solving problems and the process of adjustment through constant practice.
5. Industrial Training: The process of relating
acquired theoretical knowledge gained to real life practical situation
6. ITF: Industrial training fund
7. SWIES: Student Industrial work experience scheme.
8. Accountancy students: Those students studying accountancy course under financial department.